**What is a Pivot Point?**

A pivot point is a technical indicator used to determine key price levels that could signal potential market movements, either bullish (upward) or bearish (downward). It is calculated based on the average of the high, low, and closing prices from the previous trading period, typically one day. This indicator helps traders identify potential support (support) and resistance (resistance) levels in the market.

**Support, Resistance, and Pivot Points**

Support and resistance levels are fundamental concepts in technical analysis that help traders determine boundaries between bearish and bullish trends. A support level is where the price tends to stop falling and may start to rise, while a resistance level is where the price tends to stop rising and may start to fall. Understanding support and resistance levels aids traders in deciding whether the price will rebound or break out at these levels.

**Types of Pivot Points**

Several types of pivot points are commonly used, each with different calculation methods. Here’s a breakdown of these types:

**Standard Pivot Point**

$P = \frac{H + L + C}{3}$**Calculation:**The standard pivot point is calculated using the formula:where:

- $H$
- $L$
- $C$

From the basic pivot point (P), the support and resistance levels are calculated as follows:

- $S1 = 2P - H$
**First Support:** - $S2 = P - (H - L)$
**Second Support:** - $R1 = 2P - L$
**First Resistance:** - $R2 = P + (H - L)$
**Second Resistance:**

**Fibonacci Pivot Point****Calculation:**The Fibonacci pivot point uses the same basic calculation as the standard pivot point, but the support and resistance levels are determined using Fibonacci numbers. Fibonacci multiples are used to set the distances of these levels from the base pivot point:**Support:**Calculated by subtracting Fibonacci multiples from the base pivot point.**Resistance:**Calculated by adding Fibonacci multiples to the base pivot point.

**DeMark Pivot Point****Calculation:**For DeMark pivot points, the base pivot point (P) is calculated based on the comparison of opening and closing prices:- If the closing price is lower than the opening price:$x = H + 2L + C$
- If the closing price is higher than the opening price:$x = 2H + L + C$
- If the closing price is equal to the opening price:$x = H + L + 2C$
- The base pivot point (P) is then calculated as:$P = \frac{x}{4}$

Support and resistance levels for the DeMark pivot point:

- $R1 = \frac{x}{2} - H$
**First Resistance:** - $S2 = \frac{x}{2} - L$
**Second Support:**

**How to Use Pivot Points**

**Measuring General Direction:**- If the market price is above the base pivot point, it indicates a bullish trend.
- If the market price is below the base pivot point, it indicates a bearish trend.

**Determining Trade Positions:****Buy:**When the market price is above the base pivot point and approaching support levels.**Sell:**When the market price is below the base pivot point and approaching resistance levels.

**Closing Positions:**- Close buy positions when the market reaches resistance levels.
- Close sell positions when the market falls to support levels.

Pivot points assist traders in determining key levels in the market and guiding trading decisions based on market direction and support/resistance levels. Understanding how to calculate and use pivot points can enhance the effectiveness of your trading strategy.